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currency: Guyanese Dollar (GYD)
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Guyana profile
the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay;

substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively
Guyana history
Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006. Donald RAMOTAR was elected president in 2011.
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Conventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Guyana

Conventional short form: Guyana

Local long form: British Guiana
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Guyana's capital city is Georgetown
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Guyana Constitution:

6 October 1980
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Guyana population growth rate: -0.327%
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Guyana highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
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Guyana lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 2% of Guyana's land is arable.
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Esequibo River is the Longest River in Guyana
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Guyana birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
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Guyana infant mortality rate is 36 deaths/1,000 live births
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Guyana fertility rate is 2.21 children born/woman
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Guyana climate:

tropical;

hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds;

two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
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Top 10 cities of Guyana with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Georgetown: 235,017
2. Linden: 44,690
3. New Amsterdam: 35,039
4. Anna Regina: 12,448
5. Bartica: 11,157
6. Skeldon: 5,859
7. Rosignol: 5,782
8. Mahaica Village: 4,867
9. Parika: 4,081
10. Vreed en Hoop: 3,073
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Guyana ethnic groups:

East Indian - 43.5%

black (African) - 30.2%

mixed - 16.7%

Amerindian - 9.1%

other - 0.5%
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Guyana Exports:

sugar

gold

bauxite

alumina

rice

shrimp

molasses

rum

timber
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Guyana Imports:

manufactures

machinery

petroleum

food
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unicameral National Assembly (65 seats; members elected by popular vote, also not more than 4 non-elected non-voting ministers and 2 non-elected non-voting parliamentary secretaries appointed by the president; members to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
10 regions

1. Barima-Waini
2. Cuyuni-Mazaruni
3. Demerara-Mahaica
4. East Berbice-Corentyne
5. Essequibo Islands-West Demerara
6. Mahaica-Berbice
7. Pomeroon-Supenaam
8. Potaro-Siparuni
9. Upper Demerara-Berbice
10. Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for Change (AFC) - Khemraj RAMJATTAN

Justice for All Party - C.N. SHARMA

A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) - David GRANGER

People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) - Donald RAMOTAR

Rise, Organize, and Rebuild (ROAR) - Ravi DEV

The United Force (TUF) - Manzoor NADIR

The Unity Party - Joey JAGAN

Vision Guyana - Peter RAMSAROOP